The best course of action to protect yourself against STDs is regular screenings if you have any risk factors. You may become aware of your risk level at your annual check-up with your doctor. And should you have any symptoms or STD, treatment should be sought immediately!
These common diseases have a similar course of treatment. The Chlamydia Trachomatis bacteria causes Chlamydia and is spread through sexual contact. The most frequent symptoms include itching, clear discharge, and pain during urination.
Gonorrhea is caused by bacteria as well. It is caused by the Neisseria gonorrhea or gonococcus bacteria. An infected person may observe a yellowish discharge but generally, Gonorrhea does not have many symptoms.
Both diseases can be treated with injectable and oral antibiotics.
This disease is caused by the Herpes Simplex Virus (Type 1 or 2). It is transmitted via sexual contact but may remain dormant for years before you experience any symptoms. While the exact triggers of the virus remain obscure, it is generally believed that sleep deprivation, illness, stress, or a compromised immune system may activate the virus. It was previously believed that genital herpes was caused by HSV Type 2 and oral herpes by type 1. However further study has revealed that both types can cause genital herpes since the virus changes over time. Herpes is an incurable disease, but it can be effectively managed by antiviral drugs. Patients who suffer from regular outbreaks may have to use long term medication.
Genital warts are extremely common in Singapore and worldwide. This condition is caused by the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). There are more than 150 types of HPV. Additionally, HPV increases a person’s cancer risk. Genital warts can be spread via close skin contact usually during sex. There are a variety of ways that warts can be treated. These include freezing lesions using liquid nitrogen, topical medications, or surgery. You can considerably reduce your risk of contracting HPV by being vaccinated. The HPV vaccine protects against the 9 most prevalent HPV strains. Genital warts are caused by 2 of these strains.
A poxvirus is responsible for this condition and is spread via sexual contact. Manifestations of the virus can appear anywhere on the body including genital areas. The lesions can present as whitish or flesh covered small bumps with a notable dent. Molluscum Contagiosum spreads quite easily but fortunately is benign. There are several methods of treatment that you can explore with your doctor.
The Trichomonas Vaginalis parasite is responsible for this particular STI. The parasite is usually found in infected women. However, men can carry the parasite in their prostate glands, penis tips, and urethras. Treatments include pessaries and oral antibiotics.
This disease was basically eradicated but there has been a resurgence over the past decade. Syphilis is caused by the Treponema Pallidum bacteria. There are four phases of infection. If left untreated, severe nerve and heart conditions can develop. If you are diagnosed with syphilis, your doctor will place you on an injectable antibiotic treatment regime.
HIV is the STI that inspires the most fear and there is no cure. However, there are available treatments that effectively manage the disease and improve the quality of life of patients.
Preventative methods are still the recommended way to reduce your risk of contracting HIV. If you think that you are at risk, we encourage you to talk to your doctor about HIV Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (prevention).
If you require treatment, you can discuss HIV Post-Exposure Prophylaxis. In the event that you have been exposed, you can have an HIV test done.
If you are undergoing treatment for STD, there are some precautions that you should be aware of:
As always if you have any concerns have a conversation with your doctor. He will be able to provide you with the information you need for your particular situation.
Feel free to contact our clinic for a consultation!