Also referred to as atopic dermatitis, eczema is a common disease that appears to be increasing in frequency in the last few decades. Eczema can not only affect an individual’s health, but will also result in loss of sleep, mental health issues as well as your overall wellbeing.
Eczema is a very common health condition that causes skin inflammation. Even though it can occur at any age in one’s lifetime, it typically attacks younger people.
The term atopy is a Greek word that is used to describe a spectrum of hypersensitive allergic reactions including hay fever, allergic rhinitis, food allergy, eczema, and asthma. On the other hand, eczema is a Greek word that simply means to boil and is used to describe a skin rash that is red, dry, itchy, and sometimes blisters, weeps, thickens, crusts, or crusts.
It is imperative to note that atopic eczema affects both males and females on equal measures.
Eczema sufferers typically have a defective skin barrier, a scenario where the skin is relatively more prone to loss of moisture, allergens as well as the penetration of irritants. There are a number of factors that are known to trigger the development of eczema including:
Eczema is a clinical diagnosis whereby your doctor makes the diagnosis during the physical examination. As such, skin or blood tests are usually not required. Your doctor may also offer other tests to further establish the diagnosis .
Currently, as things are, there is no cure for atopic eczema. Of course, lots of clinical research are underway and we can only hope that in the near future, a cure will be found. With that in mind, there are a number of treatment options that may help manage and control its associated symptoms. A significant number of children eczema patients usually see a 60% improvement of their atopic eczema when they enter into adolescence years.
It is also worth noting that atopic eczema can affect individuals in certain occupations, particularly those that involve having contact with irritant chemicals or materials. When this occurs, the vulnerable individuals will experience hand eczema as a result of their regular exposure to irritants and allergens.
On most occasions, patients with eczema are easily treated using medicated creams and ointments as well as moisturizers. In some patients, applying the affected area using moisturizer will help to restore and maintain the skin barrier of the patient, ensuring that the skin doesn’t easily come into contact with the known environmental eczema triggers.
Depending on the severity of your eczema symptoms, your doctor may also recommend the use of steroid ointments or creams to help minimize both the itching and the redness of atopic eczema when your rashes are active. These are available in a variety of doses and strengths and despite the numerous negative connotations with steroid creams, when applied and used appropriately, they can be effective and safe for eczema rashes.
For the skin areas that may be highly likely to get infected, your doctor may recommend the use of antibiotics as well as an antiseptic. Antihistamine tablets may be used among certain patients to help calm the itch symptoms, allowing them to have a good night’s sleep.
Most eczema patients usually resort to the use of natural herbal creams. However, medical experts strongly discourage the use of such medications because they are highly likely to cause aggravated symptoms such as allergic reactions and irritations.
There are a couple of things you can do to help manage your condition. To help minimize rash recurrence, you may need to get rid of the following aggravating factors:
Your doctor would also recommend that you should put on gloves and other protective clothing when carrying out housework because it will help prevent coming into contact with household irritants and allergens, such as household cleaning agents and harsh detergents.
Eczema is caused by some food types: Even though food allergy can potentially trigger eczema, the chances of this happening are usually very minimal. Quite often, patients think their eczema is food-related perhaps because it’s fairly more observable as compared to environmental triggers. Among older kids, house dust mite is usually the more common trigger.
Eczema is highly contagious:
Eczema is due to the patient’s skin barrier and its reaction to the immune system as well as the environment. But because the eczema rash may seem red and progressive, some people will likely think it is contagious, which is not the case.
Lack of proper hygiene can cause eczema:
Because of the appearance of the rash, one may think that their eczema symptoms are caused by inadequate washing. Eczema is not related to cleanliness and vice versa. It is the regular use of soaps and detergents that can increase your chance of contracting eczema. What’s more, over-cleaning dries your skin which, in turn, aggravates your eczema symptoms.
Eczema is caused by the presence of an impurity in your blood and is curable:
It is important to note that eczema is a chronic skin condition associated with a compromised skin barrier. It is not related to deficiencies in your blood. While many patients will eventually outgrow eczema, there is no cure for it at the moment.